DUTCHESS COUNTY DWI LAWYER, POUGHKEEPSIE DWI ATTORNEY

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NEW YORK DWI LAWS - DUTCHESS COUNTY DWI DEFENSE LAWYER - 917-519-8417

Penalties for Alcohol-related and Drug-related Violations


Violation (1) Mandatory Fine (2) Maximum
Jail Term Mandatory Driver License Action (3)
Aggravated Driving While Intoxicated (A-DWI) $1,000 - $2,500 1 year Revoked for at least one year
Second A-DWI in 10 years (E felony)(1) $1,000 - $5,000 4 years Revoked for at least 18-months (5)
Third A-DWI in 10 years (D felony)(1) $2,000 - $10,000 7 years Revoked for at least 18-months (4,5)

Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) or Driving While Impaired by a Drug (DWAI-Drug) $500 - $1,000 1 year DWI-Revoked for at least six months
DWAI-Drugs - Suspended for at least six months
Second DWI/DWAI-Drug violation in 10 years (E felony)(1) $1,000 - $5,000 4 years Revoked for at least one year
Third DWI/DWAI-Drug violation in 10 years (D felony)(1) $2,000 - $10,000 7 years Revoked for at least one year (4)

Driving While Ability Impaired by a Combination of Alcohol/Drugs (DWAI-Combination) $500 - $1,000 1 year Revoked for at least six months
Second DWAI/Combination in 10 years (E felony)(1) $1,000 - $5,000 4 years Revoked for at least one year/18 months (5)
Third DWAI/Combination in 10 years (D felony)(1) $2,000 - $10,000 7 years Revoked for at least one year/18 months (4,5)

Driving While Ability Impaired by Alcohol (DWAI) $300 - $500 15 days Suspended for 90 days
Second DWAI violation in 5 years $500 - $750 30 days Revoked for at least six months

Zero Tolerance Law $125 civil penalty and $100 fee to terminate suspension None Suspended for six months
Second Zero Tolerance Law $125 civil penalty and $100 re-application fee None Revoked for one year or until age 21

Chemical Test Refusal $500 civil penalty ($550 for commercial drivers) None Revoked for at least one year, 18 months for commercial drivers.
Chemical Test Refusal within five years of a previous DWI-related charge/Chemical Test Refusal $750 civil penalty None Revoked for at least 18 months, one-year or until age 21 for drivers under age 21, permanent CDL revocation for commercial drivers.
Chemical Test Refusal -
Zero Tolerance Law $300 civil penalty and $50 re-application fee None Revoked for at least one year.
Chemical Test Refusal -
Second or subsequent Zero Tolerance Law $750 civil penalty and $50 re-application fee None Revoked for at least one year.

Driving Under the Influence - (Out-of-State) N/A N/A Suspended for 6 months. If less than 21 years of age, revoked at least one year.
Driving Under the Influence - (Out-of State) with any previous alcohol-drug violation N/A N/A Suspended for 6 months. If less than 21 years of age, revoked at least one year or until age 21 (longest term).
Greater penalties can also apply for multiple alcohol or drug violations within a 10-year period.
Surcharges are added to misdemeanors ($160) and felonies ($270).
The driver license penalties for drivers under the age of 21, and for drivers of commercial motor vehicles and other professional drivers, are different.
Three or more alcohol or drug-related convictions or refusals within 10 years can result in permanent revocation, with a waiver request permitted after at least 5 years.
A driver with an Aggravated DWI violation conviction within the prior 10 years will receive a minimum 18-month revocation if convicted of DWI, DWAI/Drugs or DWAI/Combination. Also a driver with a prior DWI, Aggravated DWI, DWAI/Drugs or DWAI/Combination with the prior 10 years will receive a minimum 18-month revocation.
Can I get a conditional license if I was convicted of DWI or DWAI?

If you receive your first conviction for DWI or DWAI and you participate in the Drinking Driver Program (DDP), you can receive a conditional license. The DMV determines if you are eligible for the DDP. A judge can stop your enrollment in the DDP. To get complete information read the DMV brochure, The Drinking Driver Program (pdf document).

The law mandates participation in the DDP, even if the driver is not eligible for a conditional license, for convictions of specific alcohol or drug-related violations, or in specific plea-bargaining situations.

See the DMV brochure, You and the Drinking Driving Laws, for more information about DWI. (pdf document

What is the Driver Responsibility Program? What is a driver responsibility assessment?

To get information about driver responsibility assessments and the Driver Responsibility Program, read the FAQs.

What is "Leandra's Law"?

Leandra's Law was signed into law on November 18, 2009 in honor of Leandra Rosado. Leandra was an 11-year old killed while she rode in a vehicle with the intoxicated mother of one of her friends. In response to this tragedy, the NYS Legislature made several changes to the Vehicle and Traffic Law (VTL). The law strengthened the penalties against motorists who drink and drive, and requires that:

A person sentenced for Driving While Intoxicated on or after August 15, 2010 have an ignition interlock device installed on any vehicle they own or operate, and
the driver have an "ignition interlock" restriction added to their driver license.
See additional information about Leandra's Law at the NYS Governor's Traffic Safety Committee Alcohol, Drugs and DWI page.

What are the different parts of Leandra's Law and what are the penalties for conviction?

Leandra's Law includes the following provisions:

"Aggravated DWI/Child in Vehicle." The law establishes this new Class E Felony. The law states that no person shall operate a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs while a child who is 15 years of age or younger is a passenger in the vehicle.

Ignition Interlock Requirement. A court must sentence a person convicted of either Aggravated DWI/Child in Vehicle or Aggravated DWI/Driving with a Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of .18 or More to a period of probation or to a conditional discharge. The court must require the installation and use of an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle owned or operated by a person convicted under this law. The ignition interlock device must remain in the vehicle for at least six months.

Driving While Intoxicated. A court that sentences a person for a Driving While Intoxicated conviction on or after August 15, 2010 must impose a conditional discharge or probation. A condition of the sentence must be the installation and use of an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle the person owns or operates. The ignition interlock device must remain in the vehicle for at least six months.